The fully planked platforms are to remain in place until the scaffold is dismantled. Table 6a: Example of staggered work platforms, based on direct access from the building to each platform. Unless the erection platform complies with the stability requirements of section 5 of AS/NZS: 1892 part 1 or 3 (clauses 5.2 to 5.4), means should be provided to secure the platform to the scaffold, eg hooking onto the guardrail. Compliance to Regulatory requirements related to Scaffolds. erection and dismantling of scaffolding and not just for the work to be carried out by their operatives on the completed scaffold. (f) (7) - Scaffolds shall be erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only under the supervision and direction of a competent person qualified in scaffold erection, moving, dismantling or alteration. Note: Scaffold is shown against a building, so guardrails only needed on external face. For erection platforms between 1.2 m and 2 m in height, incorporate guardrails on the three non-access sides. Fully decked scaffolds over 20 m in height may exceed the design strength of the system and the design should be verified by the manufacturer, supplier or an engineer competent in scaffold design.  Dismantling sequence should be planned and that sequence of … The following checklist can be used by a person in control of preparing for the erection, alteration and dismantling of a scaffold to ensure the important safety features and procedures specified in this guide are in place. the scaffolder must work from a safe position when installing edge protection for the platform above, eg by: standing on an erection platform with edge protection (see figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 for various examples of erection platforms). Is the number of fully planked platforms 10 or less? If your scaffolding is going to be erected at least 10 feet above ground, guardrails must be installed on all sides that don't face the building. Fall hazards are the leading cause of construction worker deaths in the UK, so it’s imperative to follow best practice guidelines. Be aware of your fellow workers at all times. Work health and safety regulations require the control of risk to health and safety. It applies to workers, supervisors, scaffold qualified persons, scaffold custodians, and Facilities. Before each work shift c. After scaffold is erected or modified d. All of the above 3. Whether you're erecting a more ambitious modular scaffolding system for a large construction job, a single access tower for a piece of repair work, or some moveable trestle scaffolding for an internal painting job, there are a number of points that should always sit in the back of your mind. Where the scaffold is greater than 225 mm from the working face, install guardrails and mid-rails to the inner face standards. Where required by specific risks, clients, main contractors, designers and users should arrange for suitable control measures to be included at tender stage, such as for instance, protection gantries to protect the public during scaffolding operation. There should also be room enough to provide truck access to transport the scaffolding parts to a loading area. Are the number of fully planked platforms and hop-up platforms, and their associated duty ratings, in accordance with table 1? A minimum 3 board working platform together with a single guard-rail is provided as erection or dismantling works progress 3. Remember, there's every chance that there will be workers below and above you, so keep both eyes open and remember to look up and down. 3.1. 2 Procedure . Items like these are dangerous because they could cause a trip or a fall from height, and even potentially be blown off the scaffolding by a gust of wind and injure those on the ground. The most recent report conducted by the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), showed that 251,508 Canadian’s accepted claims for lost time due to work-related injury or disease in just one year. Competence of a worker can be assessed under CISRS or PASMA but there are exceptions when an individual has undergone sufficient training. SCAFFOLD ERECTION AND DISMANTLING This course is meant for anyone who is involved in practical Hands-On erection and dismantling of several types of basic frame, tube & coupler, and “system” scaffolds. Training All employees must be trained to recognize and control hazards associated with the type of scaffold and work task. You'd be surprised how many scaffolding rogue traders are operating in the UK and how professional they can appear at first glance. To provide safe scaffolding platform for jobs to be done at height. 1926.451(g)(1) A competent person must determine the feasibility and safety of providing fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds. Without scaffolding, many modern construction jobs would be impossible. OSHA 10-Hour … The manufacturer should provide operating instructions. Overloading scaffolding is one of the most common mistakes made by workers who are eager to get the job done expediently. Are scaffold inspection records available and maintained by the principal contractor? By reviewing and completing this checklist with all ‘yes’ answers, you will be well on your way to achieving your legal obligations. Australian Standards can be purchased from SAI Global. This means that all of the parts are secure, in good condition, and regularly maintained. Platform area: minimum 2 x 225 mm wide scaffold planks. Toeboards omitted for clarity. Ontario law requires that: all platforms on a scaffold must be at least 18 inches wide No tubes, boards or associate fittings must be stored on the highway during erecting and dismantling. Temporary edge protection should meet or exceed the strength requirements for guardrails and mid- rails specified in Australian and New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1576 Scaffolding – Part 1: General requirements and should be designed to allow the installation and removal of the permanent guardrails whilst it is in position. 1 Scaffolds are commonly used for working at heights and there is the potential risk for a scaffolder (person working on a scaffold) to fall from an incomplete scaffold …  The scaffold to be dismantled should be checked for its strength & stability beforehand. (The sections below provide design criteria for temporary edge protection and erection platforms). There's no way around it; it's probably going to be a little cramped up there. Has a documented site-specific risk assessment been undertaken to ensure that scaffolding is not erected near a cliff top or other high wind area? The purpose of this guide is to provide guidance to the scaffolding industry to safely erect, alter and dismantle prefabricated steel modular scaffolding for commercial and residential buildings. 2.2 All scaffolds shall be designed by a qualified person. Scaffolds must follow safe systems of work to prevent people falling. Are ties staggered, as far as reasonably practicable? Strong and secure headgear should always be a given when you're working in construction in any capacity, but also consider anti-slip shoes (particularly if rain is forecast) and scaffolding harnesses where necessary. When lifting or lowering materials, scaffolders must be clipped on or working within a handing platform that is fully boarded, with double guard-rails and toe boards 2. Workers must keep safe distances between energized lines and conductive material that’s handled on (or is part of) the scaffold. There have been a number of incidents where lack of fall prevention systems contributed to worker injuries and there were limited practical solutions to safely erect, alter and dismantle prefabricated steel modular scaffolding. Each scaffold platform and walkway must be at least 18 inches (46 centimeters) wide. A final report must be provided by the assessor after each scaffold inspection, which must then be retained at the site until the construction work is completed. Control of incidents related to scaffold erection, use and dismantling work. scaffolds where the fully planked platforms are installed at greater than 3 m vertical intervals. Dismantling Scaffolds and A bout 2.3 million peopleinthe construction in-dustry, or 65 percent of the total number, work on scaffolds frequently. Employers must ensure that the specifcations for constructing, installing, using, maintaining and dismantling This is supported from above and is also perfectly acceptable. Each tier of a scaffold should be completely taken apart before progressing to the next tier. When practicable, proper fall protection systems must be incorporated into the installation and dismantling of scaffold systems. 2. (e)(9)(i) - The employer shall provide safe means of access for each employee erecting or dismantling a scaffold where the provision of safe access is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. Scaffold should be erected as close as practicable to the working face. Figure 4: Diagrammatic illustration of an erection platform option for a three-plank-wide scaffold. Platform area: minimum 350 mm wide x 300 mm deep, including the ladder rung if it is at the same level as the platform. It is very important that workers at lower levels not get ahead of thedismantlers by removing braces, planking, or guardrails to “speed up the job.” Whenlowering the scaffold components to the ground, care must be taken not to damage thecomponents by dropping them or throwing them around. unless a specific engineering design is provided, fix the first row of ties no more than 4 m above the ground. OSHA provides a … However, their equipment is often poorly maintained and they are often untrained. ACCOUNTABILITY & RESPONSIBILITY: 4.1. If the work activity or building design prevents fully planked platforms at 2 m intervals, eg a façade or building profile that requires the working platforms to be more than 2 m intervals for the work to be carried out – a larger interval up to 3 m may be used. False the start of each shift. Note: If in doubt, get expert advice. Is there adequate supervision to ensure that the control measures are monitored for effectiveness and modifications are recommended when appropriate? Scaffold should be erected as close as practicable to the working face. Before erecting scaffolding in either a commercial or residential capacity, check if you need to obtain street closure permission and if you need to work during certain hours in order to protect members of the public. 2.4 Violation of this policy will result in progressive disciplinary action in accordance with Tetra Pak policy. This guide covers the erecting, altering and dismantling of prefabricated steel modular scaffolding founded on the ground or another solid surface. However, ‘Appendix A – Scaffold design limitations’ only applies to prefabricated steel modular scaffolding. The scaffold competent person must be present when building, moving or dismantling the scaffold and must inspect it daily. Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 show various examples of a temporary erection platform. 3.4. It applies to workers, supervisors, scaffold qualified persons, scaffold custodians, and Facilities. By a competent person b. That means you're going to need to make the most out of the available space. Note: If a three-plank platform is used, an alternative method must be devised. It's important that this not only relates to observing proper safety practices and protocols (how to get on and off it safely, how to prevent falls etc. Scaffolding inspection should be conducted by a scaffold competent person who possesses the minimum qualifications prescribed in their country of work. As a scaffold is dismantled, the components should immediately be removed from the structure and set aside for later inspection. Dismantling of metal scaffolds  The dismantling work shall be done by trained workmen under the immediate supervision of a competent person. Although it’s easy to use effectively, it is still equipment that comes with a risk. There are risks associated with scaffolders falling through and from the scaffold. fix containment sheeting securely  to the scaffold at every platform level and at the top and bottom of the scaffold. If it's not braced against a building, your scaffolding will more than likely be a wobbly mess that could easily become dislodged. Hazards Possible Control Measures Useful Links/Tips 1. It's not just an ancillary number, it's there for a reason. It covers selecting, erecting, and dismantling all types of scaffolds. The permitted scaffold configurations are intended to assist those erecting less complex scaffolds to do so without having the structural capacity of their scaffolds checked by an engineer. identifies the work that is high risk construction work, specifies hazards relating to the high risk construction work and risks to health and safety associated with those hazards, describes the measures to be implemented to control the risks, describes how the control measures are to be implemented, monitored and reviewed, closing off platforms at the access points by physical means, placing signs at the access points to each platform, advising if closed or indicating the duty rating of a working platform, assigning an on-site scaffold coordinator to the relevant contractors, to control the use of various platforms, or sections of platforms, designating who is to use the scaffold at any given time, include in the site induction the control measures and the names of those persons responsible for implementing the controls, have means to identify working platforms that are closed – this can be discussed at regular toolbox meetings, have means to monitor and review the control measures regularly – if the control measures are not effective, they should be modified, and records of the monitoring and modifications should be kept. It covers selecting, erecting, and dismantling all types of scaffolds. Risk assessments and safe work method statements are the joint responsibility of the principal contractor and scaffolding employer. Are working platforms supported by hop-up brackets not loaded to more than light duty, regardless of the duty rating of the working platform in the adjoining scaffold bay? Is live load uniformly distributed over the working platform – and not exceeding permissible duty rating as outlined in table 1? Scaffolds over _____ feet in height must be designed by a registered professional engineer. 3.2. It covers selecting, erecting, and dismantling all types of scaffolds. It's also important that your scaffolding is perfectly level and that its structural integrity is above reproach. Have joints in the standards been staggered, as far as reasonably practicable? Dismantling any scaffold structure should be taken seriously and administered by someone who is competent. Outer standards must be taped red and white to minimum of 2.6 meters. Are the hop-up brackets suitable for no more than two planks (about 450 mm width)? There may be prefabricated modular steel scaffolding designs (component or site-specific configuration) that require specific erection methods. Closed working platforms must not be used as access to a working platform. Check that the installed scaffold conforms to the design assumptions before using the information in the table below. For the purpose of this guide, the following definitions apply: a document published by Standards Australia, the first level of transoms and ledgers above the jacks, a platform that is constructed and that is capable of functioning as a working platform, but is temporarily closed to any loading or access, in accordance with table 1, a bracket that is attached to a scaffold to enable a platform to be placed adjacent to a bay of an independent scaffold. Figure 2: Diagrammatic illustration of erection and dismantling using various erection platform options – two-man operation. While steel is the dominant material used in the manufacture of prefabricated modular scaffolding, the concepts and procedures in this guide also apply to prefabricated modular scaffolds manufactured from other materials. A. Scaffolds should be designed, erected, altered and dismantled only by competent people and the work should always be carried out under the direction of a competent supervisor. Raise the platform  1 m from a fully planked platform (this applies to platforms five planks wide). 3.3.  Employees may not climb a ladder with anything in their hands. Scaffolding work is erecting, altering or dismantling a temporary structure erected to support a platform and from which a person or object could fall more than 4 metres from the platform or the structure. Check if any updates or additions to the Australian Standards have been made to: Catalogue No. Finally, when the job is done and you're ready to pack up and go home, make sure you dismantle scaffolding section by section in the same order it was erected. It should be used prior to work being undertaken. Tick yes or no as appropriate against each item. This guide has been developed in consultation with industry and provides practical guidance for those erecting, altering and dismantling scaffolding, and for principal contractors, employers, suppliers of scaffolds and others involved in using prefabricated steel modular scaffolding. If you want to stay safe and get the job done properly without hurting yourself, your workers or any unfortunate members of the public, please read on. Ladder-based erection platforms  (for scaffolding platform spacing of up to 3 m, ie erection platform max 2 m in height). Are site-specific hazards, eg proximity to powerlines – and control measures included in the scaffolding safe work method statement? Scaffolding safety regulations. Awareness course is for anyone who is working on or around scaffold. OSHA 1926.454(c) states: When an employer has reason to believe that an employee lacks the skill or understanding needed for safe work involving the erection, use or dismantling of scaffolds, … Inspection and training should be conducted by a qualified person. Where you answer ‘no’ to any item, you should ensure that the item is still addressed to meet your legal obligations. Putting up, altering, or dismantling a temporary structure erected to support construction is specialized work and requires expertise, technical knowhow, and experience. For scaffolds greater than 14 m in height to the top working platform, is an extra row of ties fitted near the base of the scaffold, as shown in figure 6? 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